Swift・iOS

Swiftを中心に技術関連の記事を書いています

【Swift】UICollectionView/xibファイルでカスタムセルを作成

【スポンサーリンク】

以前、UICollectionViewをコードのみで実装する方法を以下の記事で取り上げました。

https://www.hfoasi8fje3.work/entry/2019/02/14/000000 

今回は、上記の記事の実装をもとに、カスタムセルをxibで作成し適用する方法を試してみます。

 

■開発環境

Xcode 10.2

・Swift 5.0

 

■xibでカスタムセルを作成

File→New→File...を選択し、Cocoa Touch Classを選択

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503000623p:plain

 

Also create XIB fileにチェックを入れてファイル作成

→CollectionViewCell.xibとCollectionViewCell.swiftが作成されます

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503000704p:plain

 

・CollectionViewCell.xib

UIImageViewとUILabelを配置します。

※UIImageViewの設定

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503001527p:plain

※UILabelの設定

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503001549p:plain

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503001052p:plain

 

・CollectionViewCell.swift

以下のように実装します。

import UIKit

class CollectionViewCell: UICollectionViewCell {
    
    @IBOutlet weak var imageView: UIImageView!
    @IBOutlet weak var label: UILabel!
    
    override func awakeFromNib() {
        super.awakeFromNib()
    }
    
    func setUpContents(image: UIImage, textName: String) {
        imageView.image = image
        label.text = textName
    }
}

  

■その他実装部分

・ViewController.swift

import UIKit

class ViewController: UIViewController {
    
    let sectionName = [["Section1"], ["Section2"], ["Section3"]]
    let data = [["item1", "item2", "item3"], ["item4", "item5", "item6"], ["item7", "item8", "item9"]]
    let photo = [["photo1", "photo2", "photo3"], ["photo4", "photo5", "photo6"], ["photo7", "photo8", "photo9"]]
    
    override func viewDidLoad() {
        super.viewDidLoad()
        // UICollectionViewを生成
        let collectionView = UICollectionView(frame: CGRect(x: 0, y: 0, width: self.view.frame.size.width, height: self.view.frame.size.height), collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewFlowLayout())
        collectionView.backgroundColor = UIColor.white
        collectionView.register(UINib(nibName: "CollectionViewCell", bundle: nil), forCellWithReuseIdentifier: "CollectionViewCell")
        collectionView.register(CollectionViewHeader.self, forSupplementaryViewOfKind: UICollectionView.elementKindSectionHeader, withReuseIdentifier: "Header")
        
        collectionView.delegate = self
        collectionView.dataSource = self
        
        self.view.addSubview(collectionView)
    }
    
    override func didReceiveMemoryWarning() {
        super.didReceiveMemoryWarning()
    }
}

extension ViewController: UICollectionViewDelegate {
    // セル選択時の処理
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, didSelectItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) {
        print(data[indexPath.section][indexPath.row])
    }
}

extension ViewController: UICollectionViewDataSource {
    // セルの数を返す
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, numberOfItemsInSection section: Int) -> Int {
        return self.data[section].count
    }
    
    // ヘッダーの数
    func numberOfSections(in collectionView: UICollectionView) -> Int {
        return self.sectionName.count
    }
    
    // セルの設定
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, cellForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionViewCell {
        let cell = collectionView.dequeueReusableCell(withReuseIdentifier: "CollectionViewCell", for: indexPath) as! CollectionViewCell
        let cellImage = UIImage(named: photo[indexPath.section][indexPath.item])!
        let cellText = data[indexPath.section][indexPath.item]
        cell.setUpContents(image: cellImage,textName: cellText)

        return cell
    }
    
    // ヘッダーの設定
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, viewForSupplementaryElementOfKind kind: String, at indexPath: IndexPath) -> UICollectionReusableView {
        let collectionViewHeader = collectionView.dequeueReusableSupplementaryView(ofKind: UICollectionView.elementKindSectionHeader, withReuseIdentifier: "Header", for: indexPath) as! CollectionViewHeader
        let headerText = sectionName[indexPath.section][indexPath.item]
        collectionViewHeader.setUpContents(titleText: headerText)
        return collectionViewHeader
    }
}

extension ViewController:  UICollectionViewDelegateFlowLayout {
    // セルの大きさ
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, sizeForItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: 80, height: 80)
    }

    // セルの余白
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, insetForSectionAt section: Int) -> UIEdgeInsets {
        return UIEdgeInsets(top: 20, left: 20, bottom: 20, right: 20)
    }
    
    // ヘッダーのサイズ
    func collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, layout collectionViewLayout: UICollectionViewLayout, referenceSizeForHeaderInSection section: Int) -> CGSize {
        return CGSize(width: self.view.frame.size.width, height: 50)
    }
}

 

CollectionViewHeader.swift

import UIKit

// CollectionViewのヘッダー設定
class CollectionViewHeader: UICollectionReusableView {
    override init(frame: CGRect) {
        super.init(frame: frame)
        setUpViews()
    }
    
    required init?(coder aDecoder: NSCoder) {
        fatalError("init(coder:) has not been implemented")
    }
    
    var titleLabel: UILabel =  {
        let label = UILabel()
        label.font = .systemFont(ofSize: 16, weight: UIFont.Weight(rawValue: 10))
        label.textColor = UIColor.darkGray
        label.translatesAutoresizingMaskIntoConstraints = false
        return label
    }()
    
    func setUpViews() {
        backgroundColor = UIColor(red: 245/255, green: 245/255, blue: 245/255, alpha: 1.0)
        
        addSubview(titleLabel)
        
        titleLabel.topAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.topAnchor, constant: 0).isActive = true
        titleLabel.leadingAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.leadingAnchor, constant: 20).isActive = true
        titleLabel.widthAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.widthAnchor, multiplier: 1).isActive = true
        titleLabel.heightAnchor.constraint(equalTo: self.heightAnchor, multiplier: 1).isActive = true
    }
    
    func setUpContents(titleText: String) {
        titleLabel.text = titleText
    }
}

 

■完成したサンプル画面

f:id:hfoasi8fje3:20190503002058p:plain 

 

■関連リンク

https://developer.apple.com/documentation/uikit/uicollectionview

https://qiita.com/takehilo/items/1145240bb3b72f7d0317